Getting to Know Your Vascular System: Superficial Veins Vs. Deep Veins

Maybe you’ve heard the terms “superficial veins” or “deep veins,” and you know they have something to do with treating venous diseases, but you’re a little lost when it comes down to the details of how they all connect.

Considering that varicose veins are very common, and the older you get — the more susceptible you become — it’s important to be informed on the circulatory system to manage any pain or swelling that might pop up unexpectedly.

That’s why we’re here to give you all the details on your veins and what that might mean for your health.

The Rundown on Blood Flow

While you may know that veins are blood vessels carrying blood from the body back to the heart, superficial and deep veins are two classifications you may want to be aware of when considering the vascular system and its connection to your overall wellness.

So, what’s the difference?

While superficial veins lie just below the skin’s surface collecting blood from the upper layers of tissue, deep veins are located underneath muscle tissue in the legs. They do most of the heavy lifting, returning 90-95% of blood from the legs back to the heart, while superficial veins make up the other 10%.

Blood is moved from superficial veins to deep veins through another set of vessels that act as a bridge to ensure that there is enough blood circulating to the heart. Thank you, circulatory system!

But, with a complex network of veins and arteries hard at work to keep your body functioning, there are bound to be some complications you may not see coming. As a result, you might have some questions about what to look out for when it comes to those spreading lines of blue, red, and purple forming on your arms and legs.

Linking Your Pain to Blocked Veins

You may be thinking that you don’t have to worry about superficial veins if they appear on the surface, right?

In reality, just like deep veins can be affected by deep vein thrombosis, blot clots can form in superficial veins as well, creating problems such as varicose and spider veins. According to the Society for Vascular Surgery, varicose veins affect around 35% of people in the United States, meaning it’s crucial to watch out for symptoms such as skin discoloration, cramping, and swelling in the legs.

According to John Hopkins Medicine, some preventative measures for venous diseases such as deep vein thrombosis and varicose veins include:

  • Walking
  • Managing your weight
  • Avoiding standing or sitting for long periods of time
  • Making an effort to walk around on long flights or trips

Targeting Disease the Right Way

Sometimes preventative measures are not enough to stop venous diseases, considering they can be hereditary and become more common as you age.

That’s why, here at Duval Vascular Center, we provide venous disease treatment options like  radiofrequency ablation and sclerotherapy that can target blockages in the veins, thereby promoting healthy blood flow.

We also offer free vein screenings to help guide you through venous disease treatment — because your health is our priority! Contact Duval Vascular Center to get all of your questions answered or set up an appointment with a member of our dedicated team. Call (904) 518-1398 to get started today!